Volcanoes

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Floods                  Mexico's Smoking Mountains                 A Deep Blue Lake

Word
Definition
Sentence
advancing
moving forward

beloved
much loved

billowy
rising in a great wave

brutal
violent and ugly

caldera
a crater formed by a collapsed volcano

century
one hundred years

cinders charred bits of rock, ashes

claimed
declared with force

collapsed
suddenly fell inward

composite
made up of different substances or parts

crater
a bowl-shaped depression

crust
the solid outer layer of earth
The top layers of solid rock are called the crust.
"Volcanoes" by Seymour Simon. p. 85  (Amy S.)
eruption
a volcanic explosion or large flow of lava

extinct
no longer active; extinguished

lava
hot melted rock that flows from a volcano

magma
hot melted rock underneath the earth's surface
The gas was pushing magma up.
"Pompeii Buried Alive" p. 3  by Edith Kunhardt  (Lindsey P)
molten
made liquid by heat

Norse
having to do with the ancient Scandinavians

summit
the top of a mountain
A black crater 200 feet wide appeared in the summit.
"Mt. St. Helens" by Rita Goldenselman p. 8  (Isaac M.)
transformed
changed

weathered
changed because of a being exposed to the weather

Floods
Vocabulary
Crossword Puzzle
Word
Definition
Sentence
break
to split apart from force or pressure

downstream
the direction in which the river current moves

levee
a bank of earth built to keep a river from flooding

overflow
to run over the banks

rose
got higher

whip up
stir up

Mexico's Smoking Mountains
Vocabulary
Crossword Puzzle
atmosphere
layer of gases surrounding the earth

dormant
inactive

mantle
layer beneath the earth's crust
Where plates collide, one turns down and slides under the other into the mantle
"Volcanoes" by Patricia Lauber  p. 53 (Morgan O.)
volcanologists
scientists who study volcanoes

A Deep Blue Lake
Vocabulary
Crossword Puzzle
cradles
supports, shelters

glistening
glittering, sparkling

minerals
natural, solid substances

national park
federally protected public land

preserve
keep safe from injury or destruction

seethed
bubbled, as if boiling